Chapter 27 of 29 from Garry Kasparov

Mental Toughness

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The poster that hung over Garry’s bed as a kid included a line borrowed from Soviet dissidents: “If not you, who else?” Garry talks about triumphing in the most grueling matches of his career, as well as how he recovered when his mistakes felt like a physical pain.

Topics include: Karpov Matches • Competing against Your Own Greatness • Realize Your Potential • Recovering from a Loss • Garry’s Winning Routine

Garry Kasparov

Garry Kasparov Teaches Chess

Garry Kasparov teaches you advanced strategy, tactics, and theory in 29 exclusive video lessons.

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It's kind of a chicken and egg problem, whether your character helps you to improve your chess or your chess eventually shapes your character. If we speak about mental toughness, I can hardly help but not thinking of my first match with Anatoly Karpov. It started in 1984 in September, September 10th. The match lasted 159 days, the longest match not just in history of chess, I think in history of any sport. The match that ended up with no result when then FIDE President Florencio Campomanes, on the insistence of Soviet authorities, stopped the match in February, 1985-- the match where I was trailing four to nothing after nine games and eventually five to nothing after losing game 27-- and still managed to stay on the competition, not losing until the final, sixth game, which could end not only my quest for the title in 1984, but it could be a bleeding wound that could forever damage my psychological confidence. That match served as the ultimate test. What was in me? It's whether my character was strong enough, whether there was enough steel in my spine to survive this ultimate challenge. I remember that-- entering the match, I was full of hope. And I can hardly blame myself-- 21-year-old challenger, aggressive, arrogant, expecting to win because I could feel the winds of history in my sails. And I failed to gauge my opponent correctly. And this is something also to learn for others who might be one day competing at the highest level. Winning the candidates, beating other great players, and eventually facing the world champion-- it's not the same story. Because you're facing someone who was not just great, but better than others, someone who made history by staying on top and by bringing something new to the game. And after I lost game nine and the score was four to nothing, many believed that that was not just the end of this match. That was the end of Garry Kasparov as a serious contender for the world title. And what helped me, of course-- it's an advice my mother, advice of Mikhail Botvinnik, people who believed in me, loved me, and just convinced me that it was just-- maybe it was not about this match, but it's about recovering from these devastating losses, staying in the game, and learning for the future. And the best way was to change your game. It's not to be as aggressive as you used to be, but to play different kind of chess. Make draws, short draws-- it doesn't matter. The longer you stay in the match, better your chances to learn. That's the test of your character. That's you recognizing that you have to go against your own nature, because it's all about survival. It's your instinct of survival, your strengths, your mental toughness to live under this pressure. And I made many draws in a row. But still, I was not ready to turn the tide. And I lost game 27. It was five to nothing-- one more game, one more mistake from my side, one more victory for Karpov, a...

Elevate your game

At age 22, Garry Kasparov became the youngest world chess champion. After beating Bobby Fischer’s peak rating, he outranked his fiercest competitors for over twenty years. Now, Garry is ready to share what made him a six-time World Chess Champion. Through detailed lessons, including his favorite openings and advanced tactics, you will develop the instincts and philosophy to become a stronger player.

Watch, listen, and learn as Garry teaches you how to improve your chess game.

A downloadable workbook accompanies the class with lesson recaps and supplemental materials.

Upload videos to submit questions about the class. Garry will also answer select student questions.

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Garry Kasparov

Garry Kasparov Teaches Chess