Chapter 18 of 29 from Dr. Jane Goodall

Organic Farming

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There is hope to combat the negative effects of industrial agriculture. Learn how organic farming helps restore forests, attract wildlife, and produce healthier and better tasting food.

Topics include: Organic Farming: Wine • Organic Farming: Coffee

There is hope to combat the negative effects of industrial agriculture. Learn how organic farming helps restore forests, attract wildlife, and produce healthier and better tasting food.

Topics include: Organic Farming: Wine • Organic Farming: Coffee

Dr. Jane Goodall

Dr. Jane Goodall Teaches Conservation

In 29 lessons, Dr. Jane Goodall shares her insights into animal intelligence, conservation, and activism.

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“There is still a window of time. Nature can win if we give her a chance.” In her first ever online class, Dr. Jane Goodall teaches how you can conserve the environment. She also shares her research on the behavioral patterns of chimpanzees and what they taught her about conservation. You’ll learn how to “act locally” and protect the planet.

Watch, listen, and learn as legendary naturalist Dr. Jane Goodall shares decades of her work and observations.

A downloadable workbook with lesson recaps is available in two versions: one for adults and one for families.

Upload videos to get feedback from the class. Jane will also critique select student work.

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I am very interested in conservation, but very new to it. MASTERCLASS ;gave me the opportunity to learn from the best. This class gave me a well rounded perspective and the insight only a master could give.

I am inspire by Jane and feel the lesson was a wonderful lead-in for the rest of the class.

She covered a lot of very important and fascinating things. I can at least bring this information forward in conversation and think more about my own decisions. And I can recommend the class itself to others.

I love Jane Goodall. What an inspirational person! I love how determined she is to encourage others to do the right thing.

Comments

Mary H.

Wind turbines are not working due to solar radiation management. My wind turbine photo was taking while approaching Schiphol international airport.

Molly

I love the story about how that farmer took a bare piece of land and planted shade grown coffee trees, which had the positive result of regenerating the soil and bringing back the forests and birds. The hypoxic zone in the gulf of Mexico is an example of how conventional farming has damaged the environment far away from the source. Fertilizers get into the Mississippi River from the agricultural regions and empty into the Gulf causing low oxygen levels and this makes a large area unsuitable for aquatic organisms. Perhaps there could be a positive change in the Gulf if organic farming could be practiced and organic products could be kept at reasonable prices. I'm sure this applies to other parts of the world as well, such as the Great Barrier Reef.

Gretchin D.

Organic food tastes better and is better for our bodies and the environment. All of these pesticides and herbicides are ruining the soil which will make it harder to grow crops and are poisoning our air and water.

Mia S.

"Coffee - shade-grown coffee is very good for the coffee itself, it makes a better flavor. But also the shade-grown coffee is helping to restore the forest, which means other animals and birds and plants can come back. I met this lovely farmer - he was left a little piece of land by his father, and when he took over that land, it was completely bare, and he said, 'There were a few coffee plants and they looked so sad.' He'd been part of our youth program - he knew about shade-grown coffee. He got a little loan, he planted some trees, and because that soil is very good at regenerating, the trees began to grow, and when I went to visit him, he was so excited. 'The birds have come back! I've seen 14 different kinds of bird species. The animals are coming back. The soil has now got more moisture than it had. I found a toad the other day.' His coffee is absolutely top-grade. The coffee farmers have formed a cooperative, they got a loan to get one of these huge machines, so they give in their coffee crop, they get a little chit saying how much and this machine grades it and cleans it and it goes off to the coffee auction. Five years running, they got the top prize in Tanzania for the very best coffee."

Mia S.

"Biodynamic agriculture... many people now have adopted this: you grow plants between your rows of vines that are good at fixing nitrogen in the soil, and you plow them back into the soil so that the soil is re-fertilized after the crop of grapes has been harvested. Some of these vineyards take sheep and let them graze in-between the rows so that they get natural fertilizer. Horses to plow,rather than having any kind of farm equipment contaminating the area where the plants are grown. The area, where the wine is fermented - these buildings are made out of hemp bricks. It took two years to get permission to use hemp bricks, because of hemp's association with marijuana. But the actual wild hemp is very different, and these hemp bricks, they manage the temperature so that when it's very hot, they keep the heat out; when it's very cold, they keep the warmth in. Solar panels, he's not using any petrochemicals at all, he's got some windmills. He harvests the grapes during the period of full moon. We know the full moon is moving the tide, fulling the tide in - the full moon is also drawing the sap up the vine into the grape, and this means when you pick the grapes at full moon, they are the juiciest. But he like everybody else is being affected by climate change, by drought. When I talked to him awhile ago, he said, 'The drought is so bad that the vines are actually pulling the juice out of the grapes to keep themselves alive. Wherever we look, the effects of climate change are apparent."

Mia S.

"People want to know if it's really this bad, if genetically modified food and monocultures aren't the answer because of all the harm they're inflicting on the environment, and probably on other animals and human health as well. What can we do? Well, what we can do is to move more and more in the direction of organic farming, that is farming without using chemical pesticides and herbicides and fungicides. It's food that's grown using the natural defenses of nature itself. More and more people are becoming concerned about the commercial farming, and the use of chemicals in farming and agriculture, and moving towards organic products. They can cost a little bit more, but I always feel if you pay a little bit more for your food,you will respect it more and you will waste it less, because there's no question, we waste - in the Western world - huge amounts of food. Yet, on the other side of the world, there are people starving. Organic food, food that is produced in a holistic way - working with nature and not against nature. It's been said by the United Nations that the way to feed the world in the future is not through industrial agriculture, it's through small-scale family farming. If the UN can actually say genetically modified food has no increased the yield, I think we can believe them. They're very conservative."

Carola S.

we can start at home !! having your own organic production at home in small pots.

Juleen D.

How do you think things like big industry have influenced the used of GMOS and pesticides? Would we be in the place we are today if it was mostly local farmers? Is there a way to make more organic sustainable farming more profitable for big industry?

Patrick D.

I think Jane gets to the heart of GMO. DNA of plants and animals are being modified for economic reasons. These modified species are losing their genetic diversity; hence, they are losing their ability to adapt to new challenges ( microbial, environmental, etc.) It is a "bubble".

Melissa C.

Buy local and organic! I do! I love Jane's description of this process. Excellent teaching. Doug Tompkins is a genius!

Transcript

So people want to know if it's really this bad, if genetically modified food and monocultures aren't the answer because of all the harm they're inflicting on the environment, and probably on other animals and human health as well. What can we do? Well, what we can do is to move more and more in the direction of organic farming. That is farming without using pesticides-- chemical pesticides, and chemical herbicides, and chemical fungicides. It's food that's grown using the natural defenses of nature itself. And more and more people are becoming concerned about the commercial farming and the use of chemicals in farming and in agriculture, and moving towards organic products. They can cost a little bit more. But I always feel if you pay a little bit more for your food, you will respect it more, and you will waste it less. Because there's no question. We waste, in the Western world, huge amounts of food-- huge amounts of food. And yet on the other side of the world, there are people starving. So organic food and food that is produced in a holistic way, working with nature and not against nature, I visited a farm, an amazing farm created by Doug Tompkins, who tragically was killed two years ago. But this farm has turned the land from a monoculture, growing one kind of crop, to polyculture, growing many kinds of crops, just as used to be done in the olden days. It's a beautiful place. Animals are used for natural fertilizer. And it's been said, actually by the United Nations, that the way to feed the world in the future is not through industrial agriculture. It's through small-scale family farming. And if the United Nations, after a long investigation, can actually say genetically modified food has not increased the yield, then I think we can believe them. They're very conservative. I have a great friend who lives in the south of France. He's British, Robert Eden. And he has the largest organic vineyard probably in the world. And on part of this huge area, he practices biodynamic agriculture when he's growing his vines. And this, to me, is very fascinating. So many people now have adopted this. It's not just Robert. But you grow plants between your rows of vines that are good at fixing nitrogen in the soil, and you plow them back into the soil so that the soil is re-fertilized after the crop of grapes has been harvested. Some of these vineyards take sheep and let them graze in between the rows so that they get natural fertilizer. Robert uses horses to plow rather than having any kind of farm equipment contaminating the area where the plants are grown. He's created the area where the wine is fermented. And these buildings are made out of hemp bricks. It took him two years to get permission to use hemp bricks because of hemp's association with marijuana. But the actual wild hemp is very different. And these hemp bricks, they...