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Arts & Entertainment

Exposition and Dialogue

Dan Brown

Lesson time 16:45 min

Learn how to craft exposition that appeals to your reader's senses and write dialogue that communicates essential information while simultaneously revealing character.

Dan Brown
Teaches Writing Thrillers
In his first-ever online class, best-selling author Dan Brown teaches you his step-by-step process for turning ideas into page-turning novels.
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One of the easiest ways to bring your exposition to life is to appeal to your reader's senses. Don't just tell them what it looks like. Tell them what it smells like, what it sounds like, what it feels like. If a character walks into a seedy bar, don't just tell them that it's dark and smoky. Tell them what's playing on the jukebox. Tell them about the grit under their feet as they walk across the floor, and they will immediately feel like they are there. Appeal to your reader's senses. That's the way that we as human beings experience the world. A great way to attack exposition is to reveal something through a character's eyes. Have your character look up and describe, internally, what they're seeing. Robert Langdon looked up, and this is what he saw. Now when you do that, you have to remember that the way human beings look at something is their eye travels. They don't sort of look there and then look there and look over there. Your writing should do the same thing. We should have the experience as a reader of looking up at the ceiling and seeing the fresco and following the columns down to the floor, and then looking at the floor and then noticing somebody coming in the room. That is the way a human being experiences a space. And your description should work the same way. It's subtle, but the effect is very powerful. And you will know, as a reader, immediately if somebody hasn't done that. You will have the experience of being almost disembodied, that you're suddenly looking there, then you're looking here, then you're looking here, and there's no continuity, and what happens is you get pulled out of the story. And you, as a writer, never want your reader to be pulled out of the story. You want the experience to be a human experience, a natural experience. So when you give exposition, give it the way a reader would experience it. When I was a young writer, I had a fantastic writing teacher who told me your writing should be transparent. The best writing is the writing that simply communicates, and that's an important thing to remember. You're not writing a book to show off how many words you know or what sort of crazy syntax you can use. You're writing to communicate. You're writing to tell a story. And so the prose that you create should, especially in the thriller genre, be transparent. Your reader should forget that he or she is even reading. So part of your job is to use language that is appropriate to the book that you're writing. It's okay to know a lot more words than you use in a novel. You're serving your reader. You're trying to create prose that is accessible, is transparent, and serves the story. It doesn't serve your reader to hit a word that is so obscure that they have to stop and look it up to know what you're talking about. It takes them out of the reading experience. Your job is to keep them in the reading experience for the entirety of your novel. There's a wonderful Hemingway quote about the importance ...

Craft page-turning suspense

Packed with secret symbols and high-stakes suspense, Dan Brown’s thrillers have sold more than 250 million copies and include one of the world’s best-selling novels, The Da Vinci Code. In his writing class, Dan unveils his step-by-step process for turning ideas into gripping narratives. Learn his methods for researching like a pro, crafting characters, and sustaining suspense all the way to a dramatic surprise ending.


Students give MasterClass an average rating of 4.7 out of 5 stars.

I want to become a writer/comic book maker. this changed my life! I feel I have learned so much! I feel like I can do anything! Thank you masterclass and Dan Brown! This meant a lot to me and I am 1000% satisfied my the outcome.

Great course! So many lessons came out of this course that I couldn't possibly list them all. I will say from an encouragement standpoint, it is incredibly powerful to hear that even a writer as accomplished and successful as Dan Brown, has had and still has doubts. And falling back on the process is the best way to overcome them. Truly enjoyed this course.

A wonderful, well organized class packed with valuable advice from an experienced writer with an extremely enjoyable manner. Many thanks

Very much enjoyed Dan Brown's style of how he explains the process, respect the process, and know that you will rewrite each scene multiple times until you know you have it right. Very concise in his explanation and giving examples of his work. Very much enjoyed the Dan Brown's Master Class. $180 I have ever spent. I've taken quite a few Master Classes since subscription. Thank you.


A fellow student

Hello, moderator, could you please email me the correct version of the workbook? Missing lessons in between Writing Chapters and Scenes & The Secret of Secrets. Thank you! Also, why not make it available on the site directly?

Monique C.

Are there workbook chapters for the lessons in between Chapters and Scenes and Secret of Secrets? I don't have them in my workbook if so.

Kishore N.

So far, I have published two books(self). I have always felt that both of them missed the 'Oomph', that doesn't let the reader put a book down. This class has been quite eye opening and helpful. Techniques from this will definitely be applied to my next one!

Rachel B.

I had to laugh out loud because I'm totally that reader that hits dialogue and think, "Now I'm getting somewhere!" Oh, again, as a reader, I'm curious how long until a chapter ends, and I flip through the pages to see what's coming, groaning as I realize, there's a super block of exposition! It's interesting that both Dan Brown and R.L. Stine relate writing to music. A few years ago, talking to Jonathan Maberry at a writer's conference, he said the exact same thing. He added that the way a manuscript looks should have a rhythm, too.


I liked the point on keeping characters in motion. I think I'll be looking at points in my novel where I can change how some of the dialogue is playing out to make it more interesting

John R.

Loved this chapter as it taught me so much. His explanations are clear, his definitions help frame understanding, and his examples from his own work drive home the valuable information he is sharing. Wow.


Wow! This class is amazing. I am on my second draft of my 4th novel and I think it will be the best one yet because of these amazing insights. Thank you so much!


Dialogue. My favorite subject in any writing course. Too bad writing good dialogue can't be taught.

Cynthia H.

Dialogue has always been one of the more difficult things for me to write. I'm talking all the time - but for some reason, I choke when I start to think in terms of writing this for characters. Your class on this really helps me to see this in new light. Keeping the characters moving in a run and talk - walk and talk fashion - is a great way to remember how to move things forward. This may explain why I like the show "Grey's Anatomy" so much, because the characters in the hospital setting are always typically moving, while they are in action - moving a gurney up the hall to surgery... etc... You have some great tips and advice. I really like your teaching style and feel that I'm making a lot of progress by taking your course. I was blown away when you were reading the two paragraphs out of "Origins". I haven't read that book yet - but now realize that I must! Thank you! Your course is truly outstanding! I really enjoy learning this - and hope to apply it in my own writing!

Shayne O.

Always good. Yes, important each character has their own voice to differentiate them without being bogged down with the 'she said', 'he said', but actually a writing style I will have to get used to. A terrific tip about interspersing the dialogue and the exposition.