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Arts & Entertainment

Universal Character Tools

Dan Brown

Lesson time 16:25 min

Dan shares valuable tips for developing authentic secondary characters, and teaches you how to strategically design relationships between characters to maximize conflict and drive plot.

Dan Brown
Teaches Writing Thrillers
In his first-ever online class, best-selling author Dan Brown teaches you his step-by-step process for turning ideas into page-turning novels.
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Once you've kind of decided who your hero is going to be, what are his or her qualities, what are the obstacles they are gonna face, in a very general sense, you're gonna need to start populating this world with secondary characters. One thing you're gonna see over and over in not just thrillers, but all novels, is your hero is going to have some sort of traveling partner, some sort of mentor, some sort of friend with which they navigate this labyrinth that you're setting up. Oftentimes, you'll discover that this traveling partner has a skill set that's very, very different from your hero. This way, you have more choices as an author. Langdon may know a lot about art, but I'm gonna pair him with somebody who knows a lot about biochemistry. Because guess what? They're in a world of viruses. If I paired him with maybe a Princeton professor of symbology, not that interesting. You just would get dialogue of agreement. Nobody's really serving the story. So as you move forward and start to populate your world with characters, choose characters that complement your hero, that have something else to bring. Now, if you've read my books, you know that Langdon, very fortunately, seems to end up with a very attractive woman who has the exact skill set that's gonna be helpful to him. This is part of suspending disbelief. The chance of that happening? Zero. But we're having some fun here. We're writing thrillers. Langdon meets a beautiful cryptologist in "The Da Vinci Code." He meets the queen consort of Spain, who has access to all sorts of things in Spain. These are skill sets and qualities that are going to help him. The other great thing of introducing someone with whom your hero might become romantically involved, instant tension. Whether or not it comes to fruition, your reader through the whole story will say, I wonder if they're gonna get together. They seem to sort of like each other. Instant tension. And you have to do nothing. It's one of the tools that you can use to help yourself instill your narrative with tension with literally no effort. You've just introduced the right kind of character. One of the common misperceptions I find about writing novels is that you need to know every single thing about every character before you can even start. I realize some people may do that, and it's helpful. I find that it's too much information. It's overwhelming to have to write 20 biographies of 20 characters before you start. The process of creating characters is a natural outgrowth of plot. You don't decide, here are 10 characters, I have to figure out what they do, you decide, here's the plot and, at any given moment, what character do I need to appear to facilitate this plot moving forward? In "The Da Vinci Code," I needed somebody to trap Langdon in the Louvre. So I created Bezu Fache. It's not that I thought, I want to write a character that's the police chief, and what can he do. So as you're putting together your novels...

Craft page-turning suspense

Packed with secret symbols and high-stakes suspense, Dan Brown’s thrillers have sold more than 250 million copies and include one of the world’s best-selling novels, The Da Vinci Code. In his writing class, Dan unveils his step-by-step process for turning ideas into gripping narratives. Learn his methods for researching like a pro, crafting characters, and sustaining suspense all the way to a dramatic surprise ending.


Students give MasterClass an average rating of 4.7 out of 5 stars.

Dan is a great communicator, clear, holds your attention, excellent pace. So interesting to discover his thought processes and so valuable for my own.

OMG! Dan is so generous with his knowledge. My work is so much better as I leverage his insights. Unbelievable learning opportunity here.

This class was amazing! It helped me so much with plotting and creating suspense. Thank you!

This has been the best Masterclass that I have viewed so far. The main reason being that Dan is not reading from a script or screen but being genuine in everything that he says. This is what kept my interest throughout. He really cared for this masterclass and this motivated me to commit to his class. Absolutely superb masterclass. I loved every minute of it.


Pratik P.

This class is getting better and better with new chapters; so much to learn!

A fellow student

"There's a big difference between confusion and suspense." Good one, Dan Brown!

Dale U.

Again the words take the pressure off yourself. I must always remember that.


Great insights on secondary characters. I especially like Dan's lessons on putting characters at the opposite ends of the spectra to create tension. Great way to build suspense and keep the story flow moving. It is indeed a lot of work to make your characters smarter than you are! Another great lesson from Dan.

Jord L.

I believe I have to comment after finished this lesson, the way Brown Dan introduce each of the topics about how characters function and being introduce, it is so inspirational and engaging. All of a sudden the story that I want to write became much clearer and story wise much more exciting as well. Thank you for sharing your passion and knowledge in this class, I am strongly move.

M K.

Sorry, had to comment again when I finished the video. I love your passion, Mr. Brown. You are very open, humble, and incredibly helpful. Thank you for sharing your knowledge and valuable skills you have developed in such an honest and engaging way.

Rich G.

I've read those books with ALL the characters listed at the front. And yes, I did have to refer back on occasion. I did enjoy those stories but not the "referring back",

Karey B.

Yeah, never understood the mega character buildup before I’ve written a single word. Most times, I can tell when a writer has done this, the story too formulated, the character, wooden. These are the books where I don’t even finish the sample download. Once upon a time, they were the dust collectors.


This is very helpful. I've been struggling with having a lot of characters to deal with, but now I know which ones I can sort of mention in passing and the ones I need to give names and memorable details for

A fellow student

He so relates to how I write. I have only begun my journey and have only published one book— but everything he said in this lesson sang volumes to my style of writing. I love how the characters do want to join 'the party' as I always say, because they do show up and want to be part of the action. Thank you Dan. So far, I am EXCITED about how you teach, what you teach, and most of all, how you deliver substance! Excellent job! Cate Muegge/