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Arts & Entertainment

Sound Pleasures

Billy Collins

Lesson time 14:43 min

Learn the tools beyond rhyme and meter that Billy utilizes to achieve a musical, toe-tapping kind of joy in his poetry.

Billy Collins
Teaches Reading and Writing Poetry
In his first-ever online class, former U.S. Poet Laureate Billy Collins teaches you how to find joy, humor, and humanity in reading and writing poetry.
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[MUSIC PLAYING] - Until about 100 plus years ago, form meant basically two things. It just meant rhyme-- end rhyme, rhymes at the ends of lines-- and meter, a steady beat that would keep the poem stabilized and also would give the poem a kind of predictability. The reader would know the beat's going to continue. So when you read "Whose woods these are I think I know. His house is in the village though," " you pretty much can relax into the arms of Robert Frost because you know he's going to continue this know, blow, snow end rhyme. And he's going to keep this-- what's a tetrameter beat, four beats to the line-- he's going to keep that going. And that little engine of the meter is going to continue until the end. So if there's a predictability in it, and immediately, you're kind of oriented to the rest of the poem. You don't know what the poem's going to actually say, but you feel at ease in the hands of the poet. I was giving a reading at a school somewhere recently, and we had the question and answer session at the end. And there was a little girl, about seven or eight years old, in the front row with her mother, who was a fairly agitated young creature. And so I let her have the last question. And she said, "How come your poems don't rhyme?" She was used to nursery rhymes and younger poetry. And there was another occasion when I was giving a reading in England in kind of a rural town there, a man stood up in worsted, heavy tweed jacket, and said, "How come all your poems are written in prose?" And if this had been Oscar Wilde, I would have been devastated. But he basically was missing the same thing that the young girl was missing. He was missing this song, the song-like quality of regular rhyme and constant meter. And those are sound pleasures and toe-tapping kind of pleasure. The pleasure of the dance and the pleasure of the musicality. And why shouldn't poetry have those? Well, it can have them still, but in a less concentrated and a less predictable way. [MUSIC PLAYING] Whitman was the first poet to take regular meter and end rhyme away, so both of the training wheels that kept poetry going were removed. Well, guess what? The bicycle kept going. And it started the debate in the 1850s about whether "Song of Myself," Whitman's long poem, whether that was poetry or not. And one rather Prussian professor said, "If this is not poetry, it is something greater than poetry," which is quite a piece of literary criticism. I think Whitman had a general radical vision of himself as a poet. He was a great self-advertiser. His picture on his book is of a rough. He's outdoors. He's got his slouched hat. His shirt is open. It's not the formal, indoor, conservative literary portrait that most poets would have then. So as part of his radical sense of himself as a liberator-- sexual and social-- I think he thought of himself as a liberator of the regularity of formal verse. But he knew that he had to put something in if...

Let imagination lead the way

Known for his wit and wisdom, former U.S. Poet Laureate Billy Collins is one of America’s most beloved contemporary poets. In his MasterClass, Billy teaches you to appreciate the emotional pull of poetry. Learn his approach to exploring subjects, incorporating humor, and finding your voice. Discover the profound in the everyday, and let poetry lead you to the unexpected.


Students give MasterClass an average rating of 4.7 out of 5 stars.

I've really enjoyed working through this Masterclass while working on my own MA in poetry. Plenty of insightful comments and workshops to reflect on. I particularly enjoyed the sessions with Marie Howe.

Thank you, very inspiring and helpful. Two watchful dogs were all ears too

I have learned a lot! I had no knowledge of poetry before taking this class and since starting I've written three full poems. Thanks Billy!

This classes is extraordinary, just spectacular!


Douglas S.

The intricacies of sound effects on conveying meaning and mood is well worth exploring as it expands the poets toolkit in conveyomh an more effective message.

A fellow student

Cats absolutely do not get bored when read poetry!!!! They make the best audience. What would Jung make of such a comment? Dogs-- the archetype of masculinity. (Bow Oh Wow, yourself.) Ouch. Cats bow to no one. Cats are unmastered. Cats, we are the female archetype -- and sold short again. Denied our cream because we are always hunting the ambrosial. I will write the poem about the 15 cats who have populated my life --not all at once --- and how they have very distinct tastes in poetry and music.

Fred G.

This was so helpful. I love the idea of creating trust through form and sound. I really enjoyed the homework writing declaratively like Whitman with anaphora (a term I had not heard before). This has really made me a better writer of poems.

Deborah S.

One cannot deny that listening with both ears, and eyes that seek beauty, that the luster of the music reveals a heart that cannot be undone, even on a day that has been lost to love now lying in a covered grave. DS

A fellow student

Whitman, Poe, Hayden and Shakespeare use of internal rhyme scheme is a form of stressed homophones words that sound alike using assonance or consonance word patterns.

Yogesh K.

Very much enjoyed this class! Thank you, Billy Owens! BTW, I searched for the "Poetry, Pleasure, and the Hedonist Reader" online and couldn't find it.

A fellow student

I love this class! But one thing this guy can’t do, is reading poems out loud, everything sounds boring when he reads it :)))

A fellow student

Our hedgehog is great. He’s slowing fiwn enough to notice me. I miss our parrots. I wasn’t writing poetry when we had them but they did respond to singing and musical instruments.


Sorry, but I quiet desagree, my black cat is my first and best critic. I always read my poems aloud and the best way for me is, to walk round while reading. Perhaps the movement helps me to find out, if the rhythm feels good.

Jamie M.

ps. i think this is such an important way to edit - through being attentive to speech rhythms and sorting through the sound and cadence