From Garry Kasparov's MasterClass

Deflection/Attraction

Defense requires harmony, and knowing how to disrupt your opponent is critical. Garry shows how to identify an opponent’s target and then find a tactical way to destroy that defensive coordination.

Topics include: Simple but Destructive • Reshevsky vs Fischer, 1970 • Deflection/Attraction in a Queen Ending • Skewer and Attraction • One Position, Three Themes • Kasparov vs Karpov, 1986 • Kasparov vs Anand, 1993 • Deflection Limits a Piece’s Potential • Pawns in Endgame • Challenge: A Deflection/Attraction Study

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Defense requires harmony, and knowing how to disrupt your opponent is critical. Garry shows how to identify an opponent’s target and then find a tactical way to destroy that defensive coordination.

Topics include: Simple but Destructive • Reshevsky vs Fischer, 1970 • Deflection/Attraction in a Queen Ending • Skewer and Attraction • One Position, Three Themes • Kasparov vs Karpov, 1986 • Kasparov vs Anand, 1993 • Deflection Limits a Piece’s Potential • Pawns in Endgame • Challenge: A Deflection/Attraction Study

Garry Kasparov

Teaches Chess

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Deflection and attraction is quite important. And let us start with something fairly simple. So it's just an endgame. It's an end of one of the studies. So Black hopes to save the game by attacking White's rook. Because White's rook cannot leave the eighth rank. Because then the bishop is hanging. And that will be a drawish endgame. So Re8 doesn't help, because black king keeps attacking White's rook. So what can we do? Both deflection and attraction in one move. We play Bf6+. So we attract Black's king to f6, also deflect black king from attacking our rook. And now we have a skewer-- remember the skewer-- a check. Black king moves. And we win the knight. So fairly simple, but I think quite instructive. Now we can look also at a more practical example. And while there's so many I wanted to share with you, let's start with one of the instructive games from no one less else but Bobby Fischer. Now we are looking at the game, Reshevsky-Fischer. It seems that White probably can hold. Because queen is under attack. And after check, white king can just escape. But because king is on the first rank, and there's no space, Black has typical blow, Qf2. It's both deflection and attraction. I would say probably deflection, because if White takes the queen, then Re1+. That's mate. And if White desperately tries to protect the rook, then after Re1, mate is still inevitable. It's fairly simple. There are many more complicated cases. But that's an important element, so using the weakness of the first rank or the last rank, if you attack the black king, to deflect the rook that defends this rank and to create mating threats. It's an important tool to learn, because it happens often in the queen endgames. Now we have other pieces, but you should probably not pay much attention to that. White pawn is near the promotion square. But it's pinned. Remember, it's pinned. And it's absolute pin, because we have a king on h8. So how can we remove Black's queen, deflect it from preventing our pawn from promotion, but also to attract this queen to a square where it could be damaged later? So there's a temporary sacrifice of the queen, Qd5+. Black takes our queen. And then we immediately recover our queen. We promote it on g8. And it's not just a check, because it's a skewer. You see how many themes and motifs being combined? It's important. Now black king moves. And we just take the queen. And we won. Something even more picturesque, just another study. So when we have another queen sacrifice, as the attraction more than deflection. It looks for a moment that Black solved all the problems. It has two extra pawns. The knight is protected by the pawn. And White attack seems to be running out of steam. No so fast. There is a trick here that includes skewer and at...

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At age 22, Garry Kasparov became the youngest world chess champion. After beating Bobby Fischer’s peak rating, he outranked his fiercest competitors for over twenty years. Now, Garry is ready to share the chess strategy that made him a six-time world champion. Through detailed lessons, including his favorite openings and advanced tactics, you will develop the instincts and philosophy to become a stronger player.

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Students give MasterClass an average rating of 4.7 out of 5 stars.

This masterclass makes me to get interested on chess continuously, and also improve my sight on chess board. I would recommend this lecture for everyone who are interested in chess.

It was well taught, I really love Gary's enthusiasm for chess in his teaching approach, the course was well balanced

It was very interesting. The quality of the content and the course is amazing. I would recommend it to evrybody.

Good intro. Comes across very well. Looking forward to progressing through the course content.

Comments

Robert L.

In the position with the bishops against two pawns when the bishop returned to a6 after going to f8, why could the king not go to d4 and guard both squares?

Cris V.

At some point in the future I will revisit this, but, I think , this chapter was the richest, most interesting so far.

E

I liked Gary's reflection on how hard it is to lose 3x games on a row. Shows his humanity!

A fellow student

The best part of the challenge at the end of the video is that it is only part of one of the most spectacular puzzles in the history of chess.

Danny S.

Mr. Kasparov has been very kind and humble in the approach he's taken in laying out and discussing/disclosing some sentimental moments and in his thoughtful planning of these lessons... Best Regards and Hope the Day is Good to You All...!..., Dani

A fellow student

Excellent. I'll study this chapter several times to enjoy these combinations.

A fellow student

in the challenge at the end in 23:08 black can win by Qg2 and then preventing checkmate by Qb7 checking the king and winning the other pawn. But if whit were to move the c7 pawn then you would move to Bb8 winning the game with material advantege!

Rom H.

This Lesson was really good using all the tactics that Garry showed combined together . It really makes you think outside the box :)

Howard Z.

In the game Kasparov VS Karpov Garry played d6, but I also think you can play Re8+ first can get more points. After Kd6 Nxf7+, then Knight take the queen and get more points, right?

James M.

In quantum physics the most powerful theory uses the most abstract and elegant math so it seems also in chess if we replace math with logicial interconnecion of ideas such as pin, skewer, deflection etc. it is for me a revelation