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Sports & Games

Deflection/Attraction

Garry Kasparov

Lesson time 23:25 min

Defense requires harmony, and knowing how to disrupt your opponent is critical. Garry shows how to identify an opponent’s target and then find a tactical way to destroy that defensive coordination.

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Deflection and attraction is quite important. And let us start with something fairly simple. So it's just an endgame. It's an end of one of the studies. So Black hopes to save the game by attacking White's rook. Because White's rook cannot leave the eighth rank. Because then the bishop is hanging. And that will be a drawish endgame. So Re8 doesn't help, because black king keeps attacking White's rook. So what can we do? Both deflection and attraction in one move. We play Bf6+. So we attract Black's king to f6, also deflect black king from attacking our rook. And now we have a skewer-- remember the skewer-- a check. Black king moves. And we win the knight. So fairly simple, but I think quite instructive. Now we can look also at a more practical example. And while there's so many I wanted to share with you, let's start with one of the instructive games from no one less else but Bobby Fischer. Now we are looking at the game, Reshevsky-Fischer. It seems that White probably can hold. Because queen is under attack. And after check, white king can just escape. But because king is on the first rank, and there's no space, Black has typical blow, Qf2. It's both deflection and attraction. I would say probably deflection, because if White takes the queen, then Re1+. That's mate. And if White desperately tries to protect the rook, then after Re1, mate is still inevitable. It's fairly simple. There are many more complicated cases. But that's an important element, so using the weakness of the first rank or the last rank, if you attack the black king, to deflect the rook that defends this rank and to create mating threats. It's an important tool to learn, because it happens often in the queen endgames. Now we have other pieces, but you should probably not pay much attention to that. White pawn is near the promotion square. But it's pinned. Remember, it's pinned. And it's absolute pin, because we have a king on h8. So how can we remove Black's queen, deflect it from preventing our pawn from promotion, but also to attract this queen to a square where it could be damaged later? So there's a temporary sacrifice of the queen, Qd5+. Black takes our queen. And then we immediately recover our queen. We promote it on g8. And it's not just a check, because it's a skewer. You see how many themes and motifs being combined? It's important. Now black king moves. And we just take the queen. And we won. Something even more picturesque, just another study. So when we have another queen sacrifice, as the attraction more than deflection. It looks for a moment that Black solved all the problems. It has two extra pawns. The knight is protected by the pawn. And White attack seems to be running out of steam. No so fast. There is a trick here that includes skewer and at...


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At age 22, Garry Kasparov became the youngest world chess champion. After beating Bobby Fischer’s peak rating, he outranked his fiercest competitors for over twenty years. Now, Garry is ready to share the chess strategy that made him a six-time world champion. Through detailed lessons, including his favorite openings and advanced tactics, you will develop the instincts and philosophy to become a stronger player.



Reviews

4.7
Students give MasterClass an average rating of 4.7 out of 5 stars.

This Master Class has helped me improve my strategy by better visualizing the geometry of the board, and using this to advantageously attract or deflect my opponent's pieces. I still have a lot of work to do, but this class has inspired me to learn more.

This is the first masterclass of the 3 I’ve taken that I really loved. The theory combined with the excercises and examples and Garry’s stories are fun, interesting and ultimately do help to improve your game. Great class and a huge thank you to mr. Kasparov.

Having the tactics explained in thorough detail (along with the excellent puzzles) has opened my mind to the opportunities much more readily than I previously thought. I also enjoyed Garry's back story, which was fascinating to hear from the great man himself. Brilliant Masterclass.

I have thoroughly enjoyed this class. Garry's enthusiasm for the game is contagious. I have learned that there are almost unlimited lines of play, so no need to confine oneself to the same opening, for example.


Comments

A fellow student

Minute 7:44, What happens when whites instead of taking the bishop Qxh4 they move: Bxa6?? I ask, because I tried this with a cpu chess at it moved differently... help (:

Jesse T.

This is me speaking as a nationally rated expert player. So pardon me if I seem a little critical: I thought so far that these were well put together. However, they are too low for me. And you can obtain these lessons almost anywhere. And in some ways, maybe a lot of ways, for free. If I was to be critical of the quality and content, I would say the quality is superb and they are great for getting you up and running for basic tournament play. But I am at the cusp of where some GM's claim chess just starts. I once observed a title player tell someone like me that a typical position was shown. And that if "we" were classically trained the position would be easier to understand. I think if this is going to be a "master" class, you need to add two more modules. One for the advanced tournament player. Say someone who is approximately 1600-2000. And then add one for the 2000 - 2300 range, where they can observe more of this idea that people claim is "classical training". What is this, "Classically trained" he speaks of? Why is it every class is about openings or beginning tactics? Why no real advanced positional motif's or even tactical? If this is accomplished "properly", I believe this would be so good I would recommend it to every chess player I know. And I know several thousand. I don't think it's necessary to do, taking someone by the hand training all the time, so I would like to know about this, "Classical training", and how it can be absorbed for training yourself. I could give examples all day of what is wrong with todays trainings. But hard to do in a review segment.. Maybe this is too much. I will end with a compliment. I think he presented the material extremely well for the content covered. And maybe I can help by answering some of the questions here. And if they added exactly what I am talking about and turn this into a real master class.. I could easily see myself paying for more than 4-5 years. But I would love to see productive replies to this as well. Thank you for looking at this.

Belen

I have a question: knowing the power of the strategies learned, which opening you recommend to continue playing with those strategies?

aiello

Practice position answer key for "8. Deflection/Attraction" ( in packet p.83) ... #5 last sentence: is " 3...Qe2 " a typo? shouldn't it be " 3...Qc2 # " ?

randallyates@optusnet.com.au

I have to say that it is very frustrating!!! that when you pause the lesson (to study the board) it get covered by txt and crap, so you don't get a chance to look at the position before Garry shows you. Or is it just me?????

Robert L.

In the position with the bishops against two pawns when the bishop returned to a6 after going to f8, why could the king not go to d4 and guard both squares?

Cris V.

At some point in the future I will revisit this, but, I think , this chapter was the richest, most interesting so far.

E

I liked Gary's reflection on how hard it is to lose 3x games on a row. Shows his humanity!

A fellow student

The best part of the challenge at the end of the video is that it is only part of one of the most spectacular puzzles in the history of chess.

Danny S.

Mr. Kasparov has been very kind and humble in the approach he's taken in laying out and discussing/disclosing some sentimental moments and in his thoughtful planning of these lessons... Best Regards and Hope the Day is Good to You All...!..., Dani