Reading and Studying Writing

Joyce Carol Oates

Lesson time 10:11 min

How do you read with the intention of finding new ideas and learning from writers you admire? Joyce leads a discussion on reading as a writer.

Joyce Carol Oates
Teaches the Art of the Short Story
Literary legend Joyce Carol Oates teaches you how to write short stories by developing your voice and exploring classic works of fiction.
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[DRAMATIC PIANO MUSIC] - I wouldn't be writing the way I write now if I hadn't read Lewis Carroll, and I wouldn't be writing the way I write now if I hadn't read James Joyce. I read Chekhov when I was probably 18 or 19, and Chekhov made a strong impression on me. I also read Emily Bronte, "Wuthering Heights," when I was about 15, and that made a strong impression. All writers have mentors who begin when they're children. And they're aware of writing. They're aware of books that they love. Like, is it "The Phantom Tollbooth?" Some children love that. So they'll say "The Phantom Tollbooth," along with "Alice in Wonderland," "Where the Wild Things Are," and for older children, JK Rowling's the "Harry Potter" novels. They all exist in sort of like a stratosphere that allows the young person to read work that is established and very well done. So when the writer starts to write, he or she is drawing upon some of these mentors. [PEACEFUL PIANO MUSIC] I would say almost dogmatically that you can't be a writer unless you're reading all the time and reading with purpose, not just reading to waste time or reading something on the internet, but reading crafted work. If you just sit down and read a little novel by Jean Rhys, which is like "Wide Sargasso Sea"-- it's, like, maybe 120 pages-- that novella, that short novel, is so good that when you start writing the next day, you're going to be writing better. You're not going to be imitating her. But you'll be writing better than you would be if you hadn't read her. And so reading is the springboard to writing. What you read and with what intensity you read is going to determine, probably, what you write, because all human beings are imitative. Primates-- we belong to the big primate family, like apes and chimpanzees and monkeys of all kinds. You know, monkey see, monkey do. We are a very imitative species. So when you're a little older, you may want to read classic writing. You may want to read Faulkner, Hemingway, James Joyce, Kafka, Thomas Mann, Virginia Woolf, Henry James. You may want to aim very high, because the more you read and the more you're absorbing when you start to write, you're going to write on a higher level than you would be if you didn't read these people. And so it's like the old saying. If you want to learn how to play tennis, you play tennis with somebody who's better than you. You don't play tennis with somebody who's not as good as you, because you're never, ever going to learn anything. So reading "Ulysses" by James Joyce-- take a whole summer. Just spend time reading it. And first of all, it's a great work of art, and it's enthralling. It's difficult, but it is truly fascinating. And you'll find that, as the weeks go by, your vocabulary will start to improve. Your sense of language will elevate. And when you write, you may sound nothing like James Joyce, nothing. But yet you sound much better than you would have if you hadn't read James Joyce. [PEACEFUL PI...

Find your voice in fiction

The author of some of the most enduring fiction of our time, Joyce Carol Oates has published 58 novels and thousands of short stories, essays, and articles. Now the award-winning author and Princeton University creative writing professor teaches you how to tap into your storytelling instincts. Find ideas from your own experiences and perceptions, experiment with structure, and improve your craft, one sentence at a time.


Students give MasterClass an average rating of 4.7 out of 5 stars.

How does one reconnect with endeavoring to write with artistry after graduating from teaching college? This is how!

I've learned to take pleasure in and make discoveries through writing again, as I did as a child.

Liked the class and gave me a direction in terms of short stories even if I write novels

First of all, Joyce Carol Oates is my all time favorite author for short stories. I'm going to view the class again because there were too many good things to digest in once class.



When you said 'read to learn', that is exactly how I read stories and have for decades. I want to write my stories and have people read them. I want to say it in an interesting manner that takes the reader out of themselves and into my adventures with me. I read to find out how my favorite writers and new writers do this for me and then do it in my own way.

Jeanned'Arc L.

Here I was thinking that there are too many books out there waiting for me to read. I denied myself the lessons of re-reading those stories I once enjoyed. Now, I don't know if I can read without the intention of finding something to learn from to the author's style. That means going back to those favorite books a few times over.

Dan U.

Joyce makes a crucial point: when people chime in a classroom seeking it can be very advantageous to get different perspectives on many topics. Trying to incorporate master writers entire efforts is a great idea but there is no substitute for innate or unexplained talent. If one can condition themselves....condition themselves to try and think like master writers and remain organized so one retains their own voice than you may be publishable. Many great ideas have died because people do not have the necessary skill sets to see it through. Keep this in mind Professor Joyce.....

CeeJai J.

Mentors - interesting way to look at authors of books I love from childhood. I like the idea of improving my writing via osmosis or reading. Reading the springboard to writing, great excuse for me to keep buying and reading books. My latest spontaneous book - NOT expecting it to change my POV on organized religion and Mary's place in history, but it did - is 'Mary Magdalene Revealed' by Meggan Watterson.