From Dr. Jane Goodall's MasterClass

Threats to Animals

The problems facing humans and animals are all interconnected. Learn how conflicts between humans and animals threaten both species.

Topics include: A System of Exploitation • Conflicts with Farmers • Fishing • Animal Trade

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The problems facing humans and animals are all interconnected. Learn how conflicts between humans and animals threaten both species.

Topics include: A System of Exploitation • Conflicts with Farmers • Fishing • Animal Trade

Dr. Jane Goodall

Teaches Conservation

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It's pretty clear, if we care about conserving chimpanzees in the wild, that it's not a simple problem, that there are multiple problems, and that they differ from place to place. But certainly, the human population growth, the fact that people are moving out into the forest, taking with them disease-- chimpanzees are so like us, they can catch human disease. So can gorillas, and this can pass from us to the apes, and from the apes to the humans. And a recent, awful example was the Ebola outbreak, which destroyed thousands of gorillas, but also affected thousands of human beings. Cattle, people eating more and more meat. Forests cut down to grow grain to feed the cattle in the intensive farms, but also herders moving the cattle deeper and deeper into the forest, particularly in areas of drought caused by climate change. And as the cattle start eating the young plants, gradually, this is killing the forest. And I've seen forest change from old growth forest to woodland as the young plants are consumed. And then eventually, leading to desertification, soil erosion-- death, death to the environment. And so when you go to a circus and see a chimpanzee performing, or when you look at an advertisement, and you see a chimpanzee dressed up, you may smile, and say, how cute. Oh, they're like people. But you have to realize that this is part of a major, major problem. It's a chimpanzee who's been taken from their mother. Either the mother was shot in the wild, which still goes on to some extent in some countries, or the chimp was taken from the mother in a captive situation. For the baby chimp, it's not that much different. They are trained cruelly. They're dressed up in clothes to make them look cute. To me, that's very disrespectful. And it's partly to do with animal welfare. We shouldn't be treating chimpanzees like that. We need to stop the use of chimps in entertainment. And now, this is a big issue in China, where chimpanzees are suddenly being used in large numbers for advertising. So it's a huge battle. How do we fight it? Education, people need to understand this isn't just a little cute creature, it's part of a whole system of exploitation starting with the destruction of the forest. With more and more people needing more and more food, that leads to commercial bushmeat hunting. And it's a whole complex, interrelated set of problems. When you put them all together, you're pushing chimpanzees, gorillas, and so many other animals, and their forest homes to extinction. [MUSIC PLAYING] One of the problems also facing chimpanzees, and of course, other wild animals too, is that as human populations grow and move deeper into the forest, you get conflict between the wild animals and the farmers. It's particularly obvious with elephants. Elephants losing more and more of their habitat, needing huge amounts of food to keep their huge bodi...

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There is still a window of time. Nature can win if we give her a chance. In her first ever online class, Dr. Jane Goodall teaches how you can conserve the environment. She also shares her research on the behavioral patterns of chimpanzees and what they taught her about conservation. You'll learn how to act locally and protect the planet.

Reviews

4.7
Students give MasterClass an average rating of 4.7 out of 5 stars.

Makes me realize we can't rely on humanity to figure things out on a 'macro' level (conservation-wise) so it's up to us as individuals to begin making the changes. Here we go!

What an amazing class. Jane Goodall is so inspiring, and this venue was beautiful. I would like to learn more about the producers, directors, set designers and set locations! it is so well done. thank you.

I am so invigorated to be a part of helping save planet earth. I have not eaten meat since starting the class. My mother is invigorated, at 78, to see someone so vital as Jane, who travels the world, 300 days a year! I have recommended this class to so many people!

I love Jane Goodall. What an inspirational person! I love how determined she is to encourage others to do the right thing.

Comments

Mary H.

Examples of human interaction with monkeys are included in "Josh Gates Animal Encounters." https://www.travelchannel.com/videos/josh-gates-animal-encounters-0294625

Mary H.

Here is our curriculum guide, from Cincinnati Museum Center, that accompanied the IMAX film Wild Chimpanzees. There are still some good suggestions. http://www.wildchimpanzees.org/educators/pdf/museum_nh_s_cincinnati.pdf

Mary H.

Major exploitation also includes climate engineering. See my students' activism. https://www.geoengineeringwatch.org/geoengineering-watch-global-alert-news-december-29-2018-177/

Mary H.

The sepia silhouettes are not unlike the artwork of Paul Goble. https://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/buffalo-woman-paul-goble/1102343606?ean=9780689711091 (We celebrate books by and about indigenous authors at Mount Kenya Academy.)

Katerina V.

This really drives me to tears and I admire Dr Jane for speaking about these issues so calmly. This should really be a part of everyday education: respect to Nature as a whole because it is our home, awareness of how our behaviours affect the environment, practical learning on how to reduce the use of plastic and other harmful materials, and how to be less greedy and more in balance with Nature.

Louanne F.

The phrase Killing the Future should be a battlecry for conservation - that is absolutely what is happening. The heartbreaking and frustrating aspect to all of these problems is that they are global - if we as a country make changes, how do we convince other countries and cultures to do the same? I'm sure they are feeling the same way about us, in our present political culture.

Mengen

​It is heartbreaking to hear these things, especially when I am someone who was born and raised in China. I am working in China now too. I realized how urgent it is to increase the awareness of people for many things. Education is so so so important everywhere. Education helps us understand.

Kalia D.

They said one of our special characteristics is Man - The Toolmaker. Somewhere else I read a definition of 'tool-making' that went like: to take something out of its natural context, assign it a different purpose and modify it until it is useful for that purpose. This gift of toolmaking has two sides, on the one hand it makes possible elaborate works of handicraft and art, efficient machines, and so forth. On the other hand, it led us to rip sentient beings out of their natural context, assign to them a different purpose, and modify them until they fit. I don't know if you understand. Rip off the shark fin, throw the bleeding animal back into the ocean, sell the fin, get the gold. That's 'tool-making' - in it's darker form. Claim the land, burn off the trees, throw on the feritilizer, get your crops etc. Take the chimp to the circus, the african 'savage' to the slave farm, it's all the same principle. ZhuangZi was right I guess, the tree that is good for nothing, is truly free and rests perfectly in his treeness. Man - The Toolmaker. I'm so glad it's not the only thing that defines our humanity...

Mia S.

"Subsistence hunting allowed people living in and around the forest to just shoot enough animals to keep themselves alive, and to allow the animals to sustain themselves. They would never, ever shoot a mother with a baby, because that's killing the future. Once this hunting become commercial, then the hunters were out to get everything. A mother with a baby - this was a double success for them, they could sell the mother as bush meat, and in some parts of Africa, chimpanzee meat is a delicacy. In other places, chimpanzee parts are used in - it's basically witchcraft. They could sell the babies, and the babies could fetch a price in the market place, people buying them as pets. But then, deliberately shooting mothers with babies so that the babies could be stolen, sold to animal dealers, and then sold abroad - for entertainment, zoos, medical research. Very lucrative trade. For every baby that survived and arrived where it was sold to, there were other chimps killed - the mother was killed, sometimes males would come in to try to protect, they would be killed as well. We thought for a long time that because of raising public awareness, because of changing legislation so that it became illegal for countries to buy wild-born chimpanzees, we thought that this trading of chimpanzees for entertainment and medical research was more or less stopped. But unfortunately, recently, the live animal trade started up again. Hundreds of infant chimpanzees are now being sold mostly to or through the Middle East to China and other parts of Asia. We have to start tackling this all over again. The UAE, which has been one of the areas where wild animals have been exploited as pets, has now banned the keeping of wild animals as pets by private citizens - and that's a huge step in the right direction."

Mia S.

"Some very clever ways with elephants - elephants are terrified of bees. Can you imagine, if you have a trunk and bees are attracted to moisture? This clever notion - put a little piece of wire around your crops, and hang from that wire, beehives - the elephants come along, smell the nice food, but when they touch the wire, the bees immediately are angry and want to defend their hive, they swarm out. It works, it actually works. Not only that but the farmers can then harvest the honey, and it makes a whole new livelihood for the farmers. It's all just using nature, finding natural ways and helping people to live in harmony with nature- helping poor people to have better livelihoods, all tied in together. With chimpanzees, then, one of the answers seems to be: find a crop that chimpanzees don't like, and grow that bordering the forest where they're living to mitigate this conflict. It's true to say that for very many people, particularly the island people, fishing has been a source of protein that sustained humanity for thousands of years. As with everything else, once it becomes commercial, once you get these huge fleets going out - not sustainably, not taking some fish and eating them and leaving enough to reproduce, but fishing - getting nets that are smaller and smaller in size, taking younger and younger fish, not allowing them to grow up to reproduce, so that in very many parts of the world - the oceans and the rivers - overfishing is leading to a dismal future for people who depend on fish for their proteins. It's not just for fish to sell commercially - there's also this terrible practice of catching sharks just to cut off their fins; then the living shark is throw back in the sea. Of course, it will die without its fins - it can't swim, and it's losing blood. It typifies what humanity is doing to the planet - thoughtless, not thinking that these are magnificent animals that feel pain. Just cutting off the fin to have a little soup, because many of the Chinese believe if you don't serve shark's fin soup at a wedding, the pair will be infertile."