From Margaret Atwood's MasterClass

Point of View Case Studies

In this chapter, Margaret discusses her use of multiple points of view in Alias Grace, and why she wrote The Handmaid’s Tale from the first person point of view.

Topics include: POV in Alias Grace • Finding the Right POV in the First Draft • The First Person as Witness in The Handmaid’s Tale


In this chapter, Margaret discusses her use of multiple points of view in Alias Grace, and why she wrote The Handmaid’s Tale from the first person point of view.

Topics include: POV in Alias Grace • Finding the Right POV in the First Draft • The First Person as Witness in The Handmaid’s Tale

Margaret Atwood

Teaches Creative Writing

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"Alias Grace" is based on a double murder that took place in 1843 in which the man servant was hanged for the murder of his employer Thomas Kinnear. The housekeeper was also murdered but that murder was never tried. The Maid servant, Grace Marks, was condemned as an accessory in the first murder although we know she didn't shoot Thomas Kinnear. She was condemned because she had a window of opportunity in which she could have told on the man servant, McDermott, and she didn't do it. So that's why she got a death sentence. But then a lot of people petitioned on her behalf and her sentence was commuted to life. Right before he was hanged, McDermott said Grace Marks helped me to strangle Nancy Montgomery. He was, however, a well-known liar. But just because somebody is a well-known liar doesn't mean they're lying on every occasion. He gets hanged, she's the only person left alive, and she never told. So that's the basic story. And the novel is about the attempt to discover the truth on behalf of a pre-freudian psychiatric doctor who has been commissioned to prove her innocent by some reformists who think that she was a young girl wrongly sentenced to life. So she claims to have lost her memory. She can't remember what happened. And he's trying to find out where that part of her memory may have gone. So it's told through Grace. She's telling the story. She's telling the story to him, but she's also having some thoughts of her own. And he, in the third person, we hear his story about him trying to find out the truth. And we have Simon Jordan's mother's letters to him. And we have his conversations with other people who were involved. And we also have some newspaper accounts and poems and literary works of that time and from the supposed confession of Grace Marks. Although you don't know of course, whether it really was because, I hate to break this to you, but newspaper accounts are not always accurate. This is the beginning of "Alias Grace." So it is the first couple of pages. But the wrong thing about it is that it's in the wrong person. It's in the third person. And I in fact, wrote hundreds pages of "Alias Grace" in that third person. And then two things happened. I was doing this in France, and I was on a train to Paris. And I got a blinding headache. And in the middle of that blinding headache, I realized that I was going to have to throw out that first 100 pages and transpose them into the first person because it wasn't going to work in the third. And this is something that can often unblock a book for you, either changing the person from first to third or from third to first. And if you're really daring, to second. Or changing the tense from present to past, from past to present can often make all the difference. So if things are not working, you can try that. And each person for a second and third gives you quite a different relationship to the story. So as a first person narrator, Grace can lie. As a third ...

The art of powerful storytelling

Called the “Prophet of Dystopia,” Margaret Atwood is one of the most influential literary voices of our generation. In her first-ever online writing class, the author of The Handmaid’s Tale teaches how she crafts compelling stories, from historical to speculative fiction, that remain timeless and relevant. Explore Margaret’s creative process for developing ideas into novels with strong structures and nuanced characters.


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Great discussion of POV. Love the tip to change the POV if you are stuck. I am a nonfiction writer so usually go with first person.

Shayne O.

Point of view I find interesting. My novel is a memoir so mainly told in the first person. However, the story is as much about another as it is about the protagonist (female) and he is almost always her constant companion and occasional antagonist both in person and at a distance and I would like to occasionally include segments of his story told from his POV when the antagonist isn't a direct witness. So, I am unsure whether his POV is told by him is told in first or second person or is it better to have the first person at these times tell the story in the third person?


I have not read The Handmaid's Tale, now interested and about to order from Amazon

Kathryn W.

So, so helpful to see the changes made in the original manuscript for 'Alias Grace'. I can really appreciate how the change of POV creates such a different relationship with the story for the reader, far beyond what I would have imagined. Really a remarkably helpful insight - a technique I am poised to try...


I'm struggling with a short story. This gives me some things to think about on how to resolve it.

Noreen L.

I enjoyed the case study, and her reading of the Handmaid's Tale. What a wonderful thing to do - record these wonderful people!

A fellow student

Thank you so much for your work. It helps me now to work out my first novel 🙏🏻

Sandra S.

I'm enjoying the class. I find Ms. Atwood's delivery comforting and she often smiles creating a more personal environment. Even though she can't see me, I want to make her like me. It is like being in the same room and you want to impress the teacher. But I am happy that I can be in my pajamas and morning face and still make it to class. Morning or whenever I wake up from a nap or a restless night is when I am most creative and attentive.


I've tried rewriting the beginning of my fictionalized memoir in first person and third person. First person gives me room to add subconscious and other mental aspects hard to convey in third person, where they would have to be conveyed by overt behaviors (things seen, heard, smelled, or felt).


I find this interesting to compare first and third. I haven't read the Handmaid's Tale nor seen the television series however I understand from the passage that the character Nancy is murdered, possibly her throat cut; an act in itself which requires the murderer to be up close, quite personal. So it makes sense the P.O.V. would be better in first person as opposed to third.