Croatina is a red wine grape primarily grown in northern Italy. Its name means "Croatian girl," and it is believed to have originated in Croatia. Croatina are mildew-resistant, high-yielding grapes typically used to make a fruity varietal wine meant to be drunk young or blended with other varieties like [Barbera](https://www.masterclass.com/articles/learn-about-barbera-wine-a-guide-to-the-history-characteristics-and-pairings-for-the-italian-barbera-wine-grape), Nebbiolo, or Merlot.\n\nCroatina grapes are primarily grown in northwest Italy in the regions of Oltrepò Pavese and Piemonte (Piedmont):\n\n- __Oltrepò Pavese__: The Oltrepò Pavese wine region of Lombardy is home to the most Croatina plantings in Italy. Oltrepò Pavese is known for its Croatina varietal wines and is the only Italian [DOC](https://www.masterclass.com/articles/what-is-doc-and-docg-wine-differences-between-doc-docg-igt-and-vdt-on-italian-wine-labels) (denominazione di origine controllata) wine that can use the name Bonarda as a synonym for Croatina.\n- __Piemonte__: In Piemonte, several DOC wines are made with Croatina, including Colli Tortonesi, Colli Piacentini (often blended with Barbera), Gattinara (often blended with Nebbiolo), and Cisterna d'Asti. \nCroatina wines are typically dry with fruit flavors such as plum, strawberry, and blueberry. It is not uncommon for these wines to be frizzante (lightly sparkling). As a blending partner, Croatina is valued for its balanced [tannins](https://www.masterclass.com/articles/learn-about-wine-what-are-tannins) and acidity. Its fruity flavor and tannins are comparable to [Dolcetto](https://www.masterclass.com/articles/dolcetto-wine-guide) wine.\n\nIn different parts of Italy, Croatina is also known by another name: Bonarda. Confusingly, there are several other grapes known as Bonarda:\n\n- __Croatina__: The only DOC-recognized Bonarda wine is Oltrepò Pavese Bonarda, made with Croatina grapes.\n- __Uva Rara__: Widely grown in southwest Italy, this grape is sometimes known as Bonarda Novarese.\n- __Bonarda Piemontese__: Phylloxera pests virtually extinguished this aromatic grape from Piemonte in the nineteenth century.\n- __Charbano__: This wine is known as Bonarda in Argentina, where it is the second-most planted grape after [Malbec](https://www.masterclass.com/articles/learn-about-malbec-wine). Charbano is unrelated to any of the Italian grapes known as Bonarda.\nWant to learn more about the culinary arts? The [MasterClass Annual Membership](https://www.masterclass.com/) provides exclusive video lessons from the world’s best chefs and wine critics, including James Suckling, Lynnette Marrero, Ryan Chetiyawardana, Gabriela Cámara, Gordon Ramsay, Massimo Bottura, and more. \nCroatina is an Italian red wine grape variety that’s grown in Oltrepò Pavese and Piemonte.