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Dog Breed Guide: Explore the 7 Major Dog Groups

Written by the MasterClass staff

Last updated: Mar 21, 2022 • 3 min read

For thousands of years, people have been selectively breeding dogs to perform specific tasks—whether it’s hunting, herding, or keeping watch. The term “dog breed” refers to dogs bred for specific genetic traits (from personality traits to physical features). Today, there are over 450 dog breeds, organized into seven main groups.