Guide to Fauvism: History, Characteristics, and Artists
Written by MasterClass
Last updated: Aug 31, 2021 • 4 min read
In 1905, the art critic Louis Vauxcelles walked into a room at the Salon d’Automne in Paris and was confronted by several paintings by the artists Henri Matisse, André Derain, and Maurice de Vlaminck. The Salon d’Automne was an exhibition organized by these artists and their peers as a response to the conservative policies and traditional aesthetics of the official Salon exhibition. Looking around him, Vauxcelles infamously exclaimed that being in a room with these paintings was like sharing a space with “les fauves,” or “wild beasts.” From then on, this group of artists was known as the Fauves.