Culinary Arts

How to Make Sauerkraut: Tips, Health Benefits, and Easy Recipe

Written by MasterClass

Mar 15, 2019 • 3 min read

Homemade sauerkraut is packed with health benefits and good bacteria. Sauerkraut, like its spicy sibling kimchi, is among the more approachable of the fermented foods (find our recipe for homemade kimchi here).

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What Is Sauerkraut?

Sauerkraut is a side dish of finely shredded raw cabbage, fermented through lactic acid bacteria which gives it its signature sour flavor. Occasionally studded with fragrant caraway seeds, sauerkraut has a long shelf life due to that fermentation; it will last for months when kept in a cool, dry place like a cellar, and even longer if kept in the fridge.

Health Benefits of Sauerkraut

In addition to being gluten free and vegan, sauerkraut is high in Vitamin C and great for the immune system. Thanks to its fermentation process (known as lacto-fermentation, in which lactobacillus produces lactic acid which converts the sugars in the cabbage), it’s also packed with beneficial bacteria that aids in digestion.

What Do You Need to Make Sauerkraut?

Sauerkraut is incredibly easy to make; all you need is:

  • Shredded fresh cabbage
  • Salt
  • And a large Mason jar to store the sauerkraut

The cabbage is combined with salt and packed in tight; the liquid from the cabbage acts as a brining solution, which over a few days or weeks transforms the cabbage into a fizzy, crunchy, sour condiment that’s a step above anything you’d find in a grocery store.

3 Tips for Making Homemade Sauerkraut

  • Green cabbage is most common, but you can use red cabbage, too. For a striking fuschia-toned sauerkraut, substitute red cabbage for green.
  • To make larger batches, keep your cabbage-salt ratios the same, and upgrade the size of the container.
  • Stay on the chilly side. Warm temperatures lead to mushy sauerkraut, so try to keep temperatures regulated, or store in the fridge to be extra safe.

How to Store Sauerkraut

Sauerkraut can be stored unopened for months at room temperature. Once opened, place in the refrigerator and consume within 2-3 months.

raw cabbage being cut for sauerkraut


3 Dishes to Serve With Sauerkraut

Straight from the fridge, sauerkraut is a crunchy, salty, and complex snack. But it also goes great with a variety of dishes:

  • Brats. Perched atop smoky, grilled brats and accompanying heavy beer hall fare (like they do in Germany).
  • Sandwiches. Thanks to its texture and puckering flavor, sauerkraut is also a killer addition to a meaty sandwich that might benefit from a pickle or two.
  • Salads. Top a healthy green salad with a scoop of sauerkraut for acid and crunch.

Easy Homemade Sauerkraut Recipe

1 jar
Prep Time
20 min

This makes one small batch of sauerkraut, about 1 quart, so grab a Mason jar in that size for best results.

  • 1 medium green cabbage
  • 1 ½ tbsp kosher salt
  • 1 tbsp caraway seeds (optional)
  1. The first step in any fermentation project, no matter how basic, is cleanliness. You’ll need clean equipments, a clean product, and clean hands, since you’ll be using them to incorporate the salt into the cabbage.
  2. Discard the outer leaves of the cabbage, then slice into quarters. Remove the core, and thinly slice crosswise. (Depending on how long you like your cabbage ribbons, you can halve each quarter again for shorter strands.)
  3. In a large mixing bowl, sprinkle the salt on top of the cabbage. Massage the salt into the leaves with your hands for about 5 minutes, until leaves are beginning to feel wilted and watery. If using caraway seeds, add to bowl and mix to evenly distribute.
  4. Transfer the cabbage, including any liquid, to your jar, tamping down occasionally to make more room. Cover the mouth of the jar with a cheesecloth, and secure it with a rubber band.
  5. Over the next 24 hours, press down on the cabbage with a clean wooden spoon, releasing more liquid and further submerging the cabbage.
  6. Over the next 3-10 days, as it’s fermenting, keep the jar out of direct sunlight. After three days, taste the sauerkraut—when it’s to your liking, screw on the cap and place it in the fridge. Alternatively, you can continue to experiment and allow it to ferment further. If you see any white froth or mold sitting on the surface, don’t worry: Scoop it off (including any cabbage that happened to be floating at the surface) and continue fermenting. The rest of the submerged sauerkraut is perfectly fine.