Melody vs. Harmony: Similarities and Differences with Musical Examples

Written by MasterClass

Last updated: Jun 7, 2021 • 7 min read

Music consists of three primary elements: melody, harmony, and rhythm. (Sung music will add a fourth element: lyrics.) These first two elements, melody and harmony, are based on the arrangement of pitches. And, while these two components work in tandem, they are not to be confused for one another.