A proper noun is a noun that refers to a particular person, place, or thing. In the English language, the primary types of nouns are common and proper nouns, with the former term referring to things that are generalized, and the latter referring to specific named things. Proper nouns begin with a capital letter.\nProper nouns refer to specific people, places, and things, and common nouns are generic names for people, places, and things. In the sentence, “Meet me at the park tomorrow and bring your dog,” “park” and “dog” are common nouns. You might clarify the sentence by adding proper nouns: “Meet me at McGolrick Park tomorrow and bring Rufus.” In this example, “McGolrick Park” is the name of a particular park, and “Rufus” is the proper name of a dog.\n\nProper names include specific people, places, days of the week, brands, and titles:\n\n1. __Names__: Proper nouns, or proper names, include people. Pets’ names are also proper nouns and require capitalization.\n2. __Titles of people__: Proper nouns also include titles of people, like Queen Victoria and President Abraham Lincoln.\n3. __Places__: Another category of proper noun refers to specific places, including countries, states, cities, and particular locations. Examples include England, Santiago, South Street Seaport, and Ebbets Field. \n4. __Calendar days__: In English grammar, months and days of the week are proper nouns, like September and Thursday. Although the months of the year are proper nouns, the seasons are not and are thus not capitalized. For example, “September is my favorite month, because it marks the beginning of autumn.”\n5. __Holidays__: Holidays, such as Labor Day and Hanukkah, are proper nouns.\n6. __Brand and company names__: Brand names and company names are also proper nouns and are capitalized.\n7. __Titles of works__: Proper nouns include titles of specific works of art and literature, such as *The Thinker* and *Romeo and Juliet*, and also publications, like *The New York Times*. In titles of art or literary works, the important words are capitalized. Conjunctions and articles less than four words are lowercase, unless they are the first word in the title. For example, *The Merchant of Venice* and *Pride and Prejudice*.\n\nIn an English sentence, the singular, first-person pronoun “I” is always capitalized, but it is a pronoun—not a proper noun. You also capitalize proper adjectives, but they are not proper nouns. For example, in the sentence “I want a French croissant,” “French” is a proper adjective that modifies “croissant.”\nBecome a better writer with the [MasterClass Annual Membership](https://www.masterclass.com). Gain access to exclusive video lessons taught by the world’s best, including James Patterson, Neil Gaiman, Walter Mosley, Margaret Atwood, Joyce Carol Oates, Dan Brown, and more.\nProper nouns refer to particular people, places, and things.