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What Are Transom Windows?
Transom windows, also called transom lights or door windows, are narrow windows installed above an entryway, windows, or kitchen cabinets. Interior transom windows can be placed above interior doors or dining room entryways. Transom windows range from a few inches to a couple of feet in length and offer natural light.
You can install interior transom windows to spruce up traditional dividers or provide additional light indoors. Transom windows provide natural light and a sense of openness without taking up important wall space. They can also provide ventilation with an operable transom, which can open and close.
A Brief History of Transom Windows
Transom windows originated in fourteenth-century Europe and were installed above front doors to provide natural light without allowing passersby to see in. The windows get their name because they originally lay above the top beam of a door or window, called a transom beam. Originally, transom windows were openings that were covered with a curtain. Later, when clear glass was used for windows, glass transom windows became common.
Transom windows were popular in the 1970s and ’80s but fell out of fashion in the ’90s. Recently, modern transom windows have become a more popular architectural detail. An exterior transom window is an easy way to add curb appeal to your home.
3 Transom Window Styles
You can buy pre-designed transom windows or order particular design elements to fit the style of your house. Some common transom window styles include:
- Stained glass: Stained glass is a type of leaded glass—small, colored glass pieces connected to create a design. This decorative glass is a way to showcase colorful designs and give your home a Victorian look.
- Fanlight transom: Also known as arched transom windows, these transom windows are curved at the top and are semi-circular and provide a classic look.
- French doors: For French door transom windows are connected glass panels that resemble French doors. It's also called paneled glass.
Structural Considerations for Installing Transom Windows
Before installing a transom window, make sure the wall can support it. It is best to consult with a professional when installing a transom window in your home. Consider the following before installing transom windows:
- Opening: The installation process differs if you already have an opening for a transom window versus if you need to create a new opening. For the latter, consult a professional who can determine how to install the window without damaging the wall’s structural integrity.
- Load-bearing: If the wall is load-bearing, you may need to add structural support to the wall. Most doorways are non-load-bearing, making for easier installation than a load-bearing exterior wall or an interior wall.
- Wall height: Generally, walls more than eight feet high are more well-suited for transom windows. If you are installing a transom window into a standard eight-foot wall, consult a professional craftsman to see if you can shift the wall’s load transfer to the ceiling.