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What Is Hominy?
Hominy is made from the kernels of dried corn, also known as maize. Unlike sweet corn eaten on the cob, hominy is made from field corn, which are varieties grown for cereals and flours. Hominy is made from kernels of corn that are processed in an alkaline solution. Hominy can be made with either yellow or white corn. The kernels are either eaten whole, in meals like soups and stews, or ground into a cornmeal called masa harina, which is the essential ingredient in corn tortillas and tamales.
What Does Hominy Taste Like?
With the unmistakable flavor of corn, hominy’s taste and texture vary depending on how the grain is used. Ground and turned into masa—the dough made by combining masa harina with water—hominy has an earthy flavor. Whole, cooked hominy is bigger and fluffier than regular corn, with a chewy texture and nutty, earthy undertones. Its subtle, starchy, and neutral flavor makes hominy the perfect ingredient for so many recipes, like Mexican stews where it adds a thicker texture that absorbs the surrounding flavors. Hominy is a gluten-free food that is also high in dietary fiber.
How Is Hominy Made?
Hominy is prepared in an alkaline solution, a process that has been used since 1500 BC in Mesoamerica, the region that is now Central America. Whole field corn kernels are soaked in either a lime solution, lye solution, or wood ash solution overnight. This is known as the nixtamalization process. After they are soaked, the hulls are removed from the outside of the kernels of corn, which allows them to puff up to twice their size. Removing the external skin also makes it easier to grind the kernels down into masa.
While you can do this process at home, it’s easier to buy hominy ready to use. Hominy can be found either as dried kernels or in the canned vegetables section of a grocery store. Dried hominy corn, like dried beans, needs to be rehydrated. The kernels should be soaked for eight hours and then simmered for another hour, either on the stove or in an instant pot.
4 Ways to Use Hominy in Your Cooking
Both white hominy and yellow hominy are used in many Mexican dishes as well as some stateside favorites. Uses for hominy include:
- Masa harina: Fine-ground hominy is a cornmeal known as masa harina. Combined with water, it becomes masa, or dough. Masa harina is the primary ingredient in corn tortillas and tamales.
- Hominy grits: This popular breakfast side dish is a staple in American Southern cuisine. Hominy grits are similar to polenta in texture, but polenta is made from an Italian type of corn known as otto file. Hominy grits are served hot, often with cheddar cheese or gravy on top.
- Thickening agent: Hominy is a popular addition to stews, soups, and casseroles to help thicken the recipe. Two traditional Mexican stews that use hominy, include red posole—made with pork shoulder, hominy, and ancho and guajillo chile peppers—and chicken pozole verde—made with chicken broth, chicken breast, salsa verde, hominy, green chiles, garlic, cumin, and Mexican oregano.
- Atole: In Mexico, hominy is used to make atole. Atole is a warm traditional drink made of ground masa. It’s usually sweetened with piloncillo (unrefined whole cane sugar) and scented with cinnamon.
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