Baking 101: The 5 Key Pastry Doughs, Plus Every Single Type of Pastry You Need to Know

Written by the MasterClass staff

Last updated: Jan 27, 2022 • 9 min read

Pastry is a term that can mean many things. It refers to a specific type of dough—like the one used to make pies, tarts, and quiche—but it also refers to a category of baked goods, such as the ones you buy with your coffee in the morning. There are many different types of pastry doughs, and even more varieties of pastries if you take into consideration all the regional variations across the globe. Here, we'll explore a core group of pastries along with the fundamental pastry doughs they all share in common.